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Grass Species Guide

The world of grasses and grass seed might seem very complicated from the outside. There are estimated to be around 10,000 different grass species on the planet, approximately 160 of which are either native or naturalised in the UK. Of these 160 species, only around 15 are used in grass seed mixtures for lawns, landscaping and sports.

This section gives information on some of the more commonly found grasses in the UK and why they may, or may not be used in grass seed mixtures.

  • Annual Ryegrass

    Annual Ryegrass (Loilum multiflorum) Annual ryegrass is a specialist grass seed that is used in mixtures where germination is required in the fastest possible time and at cold temperatures. For
  • Chewings Fescue

    Chewings Fescue (Festuca rubra commutata) Chewings fescue gets its name from a Mr Chewing who was the first person to have sold its seed in New Zealand. It has since
  • Common Bent

    Common Bent (Agrostis tenuis) Common Bent (also known as Browntop Bent or Agrostis capillaris) is a cool season grass that is used mainly in mixtures for golf greens. Bent seed
  • Creeping Bent

    Creeping Bent (Agrostis stolonifera) Creeping Bent (Agrostis stolonifera) is a member of the Bent family that is widely used on golf greens in warm areas of the world. It not
  • Crested Dogstail

    Crested Dogstail (Cynosurus cristatus) Crested dogstail is an interesting grass that used to be used in grass seed mixtures many years ago. It is hard-wearing and slow growing, qualities
  • Hard Fescue

    Hard Fescue (Festuca trachyphylla) Hard fescue is a species that often gets overlooked in favour of the other main fescue species; strong creeping red, slender creeping red and Chewings. However
  • Perennial Ryegrass

    Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) “I don’t want any of that ryegrass in my lawn. That’s what you feed sheep with!” – This used to
  • Slender Creeping Red Fescue

    Slender creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra litoralis) Slender creeping red fescue is a key grass used in many different grass seed mixtures. Its Latin ‘litoralis’ means ‘shoreline
  • Smooth Stalked Meadow Grass

    Smooth Stalked Meadow Grass (Poa pratensis) Smooth stalked meadow grass is a grass that is widely used in across the globe thanks to its ability to withstand hot conditions as
  • Strong Creeping Red Fescue

    Strong creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra rubra) Strong creeping red fescue is the most widely used of the fescue species. It is used in a wide range of situations, from
  • Tall Fescue

    Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) Tall fescue is one of the most widely used grasses in the world, but it is not extensively used in the in the UK. The main